10 Most Commonly Used Therapy Methods By Psychologists

10 Most Commonly Used Therapy Methods By Psychologists


At the beginning of the topics that people are most interested in in developing countries of psychotherapy culture is the question “how psychologists can treat mental problems by talking”. 

1. Psychoanalytic therapy

The psychoanalytic approach attempts to uncover the connections of the mental processes of the counsellors with their unconscious elements. His field of study is often unconscious processes and childhood records.

In this approach, also called psychoanalysis, 45 minutes of sessions are performed at least twice a week. During the sessions, the consultant is expected to describe all what is going through his mind in the form of “free association” without restrictions, censorship and concealment.

These connotations are the material of psychoanalytic study. A psychoanalyst and a consultant work together on what occurs in these connotations.

2. Behavioral therapy

The source of the problem arises as a result of learning and modeling, using various methods used (systematic desensitization, reward, deprivation, etc.b.) argues that this problem will be changed.

It is the most commonly used method for the treatment of phobias.

3. Cognitive therapy

It is a therapy method that acts from the thesis that the source of the problem is caused by wrong thoughts, beliefs and faulty schemes, and that emotions and behaviors will also change with the change of these wrong thoughts, beliefs and schemes.

4. Hypnotherapy

It is a therapy method that uses hypnosis and hypnotic techniques.

Those who are treated through hypnosis are called hypnotherapists or hypnologists. Hypnotherapists are especially specialized in psychology and medicine.

5. EMDR therapy

It is an effective therapy method that acts from the theory of reworking information with eye movements and desensitization of trauma and is mainly used in “post-traumatic stress disorders”.

Development of EMDR in 1987, Dr. It began when Francine Shapiro accidentally discovered that eye movements can reduce the severity of uncomfortable thoughts. Dr. Shapiro studied this effect scientifically on people who had suffered trauma and published his study showing the success achieved in treatment.

6. Existential therapy

It is a therapy approach that emphasizes the importance of human will and focuses on the concepts of "here and now" (living in the moment),acting on the philosophy that decisions made by a person can change their life (the person writes their own destiny).

In existential therapy, the therapist's job is to guide the individual in making these decisions.

7. Game therapy

It is a therapy method used when working with children and aimed at regulating the child's spirit world through play.

8. Family therapy

It is a therapy process in which family members such as Mother, Father, Child, wife are included in the therapy process.

9. Art therapy

It is a therapy method that aims to reveal the feelings and thoughts of the client using various methods (writing, music, painting, drama) and to survive by using these methods.

10. Eclectic (holistic) psychotherapy

It is a psychotherapy method that melts a large number of psychotherapy approaches into a Crucible or applies the technique originally selected to the person in accordance with the needs of the consultant.

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